Humanities : writer's choice 12, English homework help

1. What is the overriding purpose of a persuasive essay?

a. to influence your audience to think or act in a certain way

b. to write something that will be amusing to your reader

c. to describe a problem fully


2. What is one advantage of refuting opposing arguments first in a

persuasive essay on a controversial issue?

a. It allows you to begin with your most convincing evidence.

b. It allows you to build gradually to your best argument.

c. It immediately undercuts your opposition


3. Write the letter that best identifies the type of evidence given in the

following statement:

Our women's basketball team has not lost a game all season.

a. first-hand observation e. fact

b. informed opinion f. statistics

c. example

d. reason


4. Write the letter that best identifies the type of evidence given in the

following statement:

Caryn is good at defense. She had seven steals in the last game.

a. first-hand observation e. fact

b. informed opinion f. statistics

c. example

d. reason


5. Write the letter that best identifies the type of evidence given in the

following statement:

I saw the team play last week, and they are very exciting to watch.

a. first-hand observation e. fact

b. informed opinion f. statistics

c. example

d. reason


6. Write the letter that best identifies the type of evidence given in the

following statement:

The team has been shooting 45 percent from the floor this year.

a. first-hand observation e. fact

b. informed opinion f. statistics

c. example

d. reason


7. Write the letter that best identifies the type of evidence given in the

following statement:

The team's success is largely due to the experience of the returning

players.

a. first-hand observation e. fact

b. informed opinion f. statistics

c. example

d. reason


8. Write the letter that best identifies the type of evidence given in the

following statement:

I think our two senior guards will get scholarships to play in college

because recruiters are talking with both of them.

a. first-hand observation e. fact

b. informed opinion f. statistics

c. example

d. reason


9. Logical fallacies that weaken a persuasive argument

a. usually result from including too much data.

b. should be caught when you revise your draft.


10. Limited or unrepresentative samples mislead by

a. basing a generalization on poorly selected cases or on too few cases.

b. making an inaccurate comparison between two ideas, people, or

situations


11. The form of oversimplification known as "false cause" can occur if

a. a cause-and-effect relationship is assumed just because one event

follows another.

b. only one cause is named when other causes exist.


12. Stereotyping

a. describes characteristics of a few individuals to an entire group.

b. uses emotion-filled language to arouse people.


13 This reasoning uses a universal statement and a related fact to draw a

conclusion.

a. inductive reasoning

b. deductive reasoning


14. This reasoning often takes the form of a syllogism, similar to the

mathematical statement "If A equals B, and B equals C, then A equals C."

a. inductive reasoning

b. deductive reasoning


15. A poll of five thousand people has indicated that 57 percent of the

nation drinks juice for breakfast every day.

a. inductive reasoning

b. deductive reasoning


16. All persons want to travel in Europe. Martin is a person. Martin wants

to travel in Europe.

a. valid but untrue syllogism

b. valid and true syllogism


17. Anyone born in the United States is a citizen of it. Betsy was born in

Nebraska. Betsy is a U.S. citizen.

a. valid but untrue syllogism

b. valid and true syllogism


18. What is satire?

a. humorous writing that endorses social or political practices

b. a form of persuasion that uses humor to criticize or change society

c. a type of reasoning that inspires unquestioning loyalty or fear


19. What are the three most important weapons of written satire?

a. caricature, symbol, and analogy

b. irony, exaggeration, and understatement

c. labels, captions, and dialogue


20. In a satirical cartoon, which would be an example of a symbol?

a. a talking dog

b. a bald eagle representing the United States

c. the President of the United States shown with exaggerated features


21. Which of the following is not a guideline to follow in creating your own

satirical cartoon?

a. choose a broad subject

b. create simple, easy-to-recognize characters

c. use few words


22. Which of the following would not be appropriate in a movie review?

a. evaluating the movie according to the criteria usually used for that

genre

b. giving information and reactions to help the reader decide whether to

see the movie

c. focusing on a side issue on which the reviewer is an expert

Answers

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