Cancer is one of the main causes of mortality worldwide and this
is nearly 7.6 million deaths (around 13% of all deaths) in 2008.
From those days to now, cancer effecting on the death incidence
increased accordingly. According to the World Health Organization
(WHO), there will be 15 million new cases of cancer worlwide in
2020. More than 90% of cancer deaths occur by the spread of
ill-intentioned cells to healthy organs, a terminological called
metastasis. Academia, Pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies
are making substantial research investments in order to develop
specific treatments that can destroy cancer.Also, Nanotechnology in
cancer treatments is already a reality providing a wide range of
new tools and possibilities, from earlier diagnostics and improved
imaging to better, more efficient, and more targeted therapies
which is called nanomedicine. Nanomedicine can remedy huge
possibility for cancer treatments with own solutions.This essay
will be devolved in two main parts: Firstly, I will examine the
types of nanomedicine’s applications for cancer
treatments.Secondly, how to treat cancer throuhg nanomedicine.
In this paragraph I will explain the types of nanomedicine’s applications for cancer treatments. Nanomaterials come in many flavors. They include lipid-based vehicles (liposomes, solid lipid nanoparticles, and micelles) (Fox, Szoka & Frechet 2009; Sahoo&Labhasetwar 2003.); polymer carriers, such as hydrogels, polymersomes , and nanofibers (Torchilin, 2001 ; Hartgerink, Beniash & Stupp 2002.); metallic nanoparticles (gold, silver, and titanium) (Zhang,Xu,Lam, Giljohann, Ho & Mirkin 2011); carbon structures [nanotubes, nanohorns, and nanodiamonds (NDs)] (Mochalin, Shenderova & Gogotsi 2011.); and inorganic particles, such as silica (Liong, Lu , Kovochich & Ruehm 2008.). These nanomaterials have been considered as drug and imaging agent delivery vehicles (or even as drugs and imaging agents themselves). Nanomedicine applications range from cancer to inflammation and regenerative medicine in essence, all sorts of that is clinical medicine. It is becoming clear, however, that different classes of materials are optimal for specific applications. For example, albumin is an effective solubilization platform for hard-to-deliver chemotherapeutics.
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