Health & Medical : 17. Schizophrenia

SCHIZOPHRENIAAfflicts 1% of populationBegins before the age of 25yrs and persist through out lifeAffects people of all social classesDiagnosis is based on history and mental status assessmentNo laboratory test for schizophreniaHISTORY EMIL KRAEPELIN- He described dementia precox due to cognitiveimpairment(dementia) and early onset (precox)of the disorder- He described it as having a long deteriorating cause and thecommon clinical symptoms of hallucinations and delusionsHISTORY CONT EUGEN BLEULER- Coined the words schizophrenia which replaced demetiaprecox- describred it as schism between thought, emotion andbehaviour- He also empasized schizophrenia need not have a deterioratingcause- Kraepelin concept is widely accepted internationally andshizophrenia is the accepted labelEPIDEMIOLOGY Lifetime prevalence of schizophrenia is about 1% which meansone person out of 100 develops schizophrenia in their life time Schizophrenia is found in all societies and geographical areas Incidences and prevelance rates is equal world wideEPIDEMIOLOGY CONT GENDER AND AGE-Schizophrenia is equally prevalent in men and womenonset is ealier in men than in womenpeak age of onset are 10- 25 yrs for men and 25- 35yrs for womenOnset of schizophrenia before the age of 10yrs or after 60 yrs isextremely rareIn general the outcome or prognosis for female schizophrenic patientis better than for male(late onset)CONTSOCIAL ECONO ...


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