Asian Media in Transition
The development of new forms of media has revolutionised various societies across the globe. Precisely, the Internet and documentaries can offer a platform for activism and dissent in countries such as Indonesia and China. In so doing, it provides a chance for the public to air their grievance thus promoting rule of law, equality, freedom, and democracy (Rawnsley, 2004). Countries such as China and Indonesia have weak democracy because they are single-party states while the media in the country are subjected to harsh laws and unfavourable competition. The state controls television hence the political, social, and legal framework in which the media function are predetermined (Rawnsley, 2004). In the past, conventional media such as newspapers have failed in giving the people the opportunity to express their opinion. Conversely, the new media inspire public debate and participation on social affairs. Characteristics of the Internet make it an ideal platform to facilitate social movement and disseminate materials.
The ways in which the internet and documentaries can provide a platform for activism and dissent
According to Yang Liu (2015), social media platforms such as Twitter-like system (Weibo) have played a critical part in social movements in countries such as China. Specifically, the use of technologies such as Weibo has enabled popular social movements, which are coordinated and initiated through the micro-blogging site. In fact, Weibo is the most popular social media site in the country due to its viral dissemination, multichannel integration, and content fragmentation (Liu, 2015). Following the high-speed train accident in Wenzhou, the public started the micro-blogging revolution in the country. The authorities in China reacted poorly which promoted anger and despair from the masses. Subsequently, it compelled the people to organize grassroots movement using Weibo aiming to pursue the truth concerning the collision and demanding the punishment for liable parties.
However, Lim (2013) indicated for the success of social media activism in nations such as Indonesia depends on the ability to meet the standards of modern consumer culture. In this regard, it must adhere to tenets of trailer vision, headline appetite, and light package (Liu, 2015). Therefore, it can effectively gather the masses support when its descriptions are simple, linked with the low-risk activities and consistent with main meta-narratives such as religiosity and nationalism.
In this regard, Weibo offered a perfect area for grassroots activists to gather and petition for institutional reforms within the Ministry of Railway in the country. Most notably, the powerful public uproar on Weibo subsequently ushered social and policy change (Liu, 2015). The researcher noted grassroots or
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