Summary of each monograph
The book, “Loosing the bonds: The United States and South Africa in the Apartheid Years” the author, Robert Kinloch Massie traces the course of the unbelievable process especially in relation to the role of the role that United States played during the South Africa`s troubled past. The book is important to not only the historians, but also any other person who might be interested in learning the role of morality, ethics, and grass-roots movements contribute in the international and national economic and political life. In addition, the author of this book has also written about the American policy towards South Africa during the apartheid era and has extensively and authoritatively detailed the movement by liberal activists to push American corporations to disinvest during this period. Massie has also traced the gradual growth of the campaign to encourage institutional investors such as universities, churches, and later state and local governments to sell stocks of companies that are operating in South Africa as a way of pressuring them to disinvest. However, though institutional divestment strategy was perceived to be a dubious strategy by many, it contributed to significant disinvestment, shift in corporate thinking, and more importantly, the south African`s decision to democratize.
On the other hand, the author of the book, Race for Sanctions: African Americans Against Apartheid, 1946-1994, Francis Njubi Nesbitt presents the involvement of the transnational movement that aimed at ending the South African Apartheid, which was a legal system of economic, cultural, and political segregation that empowered white minority rule. The author has particularly recognized the efforts of African American organizations especially the Free South Africa Movement, TransAfrica, and the Congressional Black Caucus (CBC) when it comes to ending the apartheid rule.
In a review of Nebitt`s book which was done by Eunice A. Charles, supports the efforts of the anti-apartheid tactics that were employed in South Africa in order to discourage the issue of racial discrimination. For example, the aspect of issuing economic sanctions against the South Africans left most of the advocators of the Apartheid rule with limited options since they could not have markets to sell the various products that the country produced. Si
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