Cognitive Developmental Delays
Cognitive Developmental Issue
Cognitive development, just like physical development happens at different paces for different children, therefore, children of the same age may possess different reasoning and thinking skills. The difference is linked to factors like disabilities, mental health disorders, trauma, and different learning styles. The paper covers a cognitive developmental issue known as dyslexia. According to an article on “Understanding Dyslexia in Children through Human Development Theories” published in the Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, Dyslexia is neurological, cognitive learning disability. The article covers different aspects of the disorder including, epidemiology and aetiology of dyslexia, types of dyslexia, stages of childhood human development theory, screening, diagnostic tests and interventions required for children suffering from dyslexia.
Dyslexia refers to the problems of struggling how to read words and decoding languages that are in print, the difficulties are related to damage in the brain. In regards to epidemiology, Al-Shidhani & Arora, (2012) concluded that the prevalence of dyslexia is estimated to be 5-10%, with the ratio of boys to girls varying in different countries. In regards to aetiology, the authors state that the exact aetiology of the disorder is not known, but numerous factors can be said to be the contributing factors, with genetics taking the top position. In regards to types of dyslexia, Al-Shidhani & Arora, (2012) state that the different types include acquired, peripheral and central dyslexia.
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